Nidan aims to promote autonomous, jointly held, democratically controlled business enterprises, established by its members to meet their common economic needs. Nidan began its work with collective enterprises in the year 2003 and today it is in the process of promoting the various types of collective enterprises All these institutions promoted by Nidan are in the spirit of cooperatives, they are either already registered or are being Registered as cooperatives, Society or as a company.
Nidan believes in community-based organizations, owned and controlled by the members themselves.
Nidan Swachdhara Private Limited (NSPL) is a collective enterprise of rag-pickers and sweepers being registered under the Companies Act. The sanitation maintenance workers themselves formed the board. NSPL works to improve the livelihood of sanitation workers though collectivization and use of modern methods of waste recycling. NSPL augments the Municipality efforts at garbage collection and disposal.
Wama Mahila Swablambi Samiti, based in Vaishali, is a registered cooperative of women artisans. It empowers them to explore markets to get better prices and to upgrade their kills.
Angana, a registered Society, is a collective enterprise of home based workers. It markets their products besides helping them improve on design and skills. Angana has a retail outlet in a prime location at Patna.
Nidan Swachha Dhara Private Limited (NSPL)
Nidan was formed in 1996 to work with working poor involved in informal sectors. It has been working with these poor to provide them with livelihood and food security and dignity. It revolves around micro finance and micro credit activities with the involvement of Self Help Groups. In this way Nidan make them economically strong.
Nidan Swachhdhara Pvt. Ltd is established as the remedy of pain and grief of waste pickers. In order to provide dignity and livelihood security, NSPL, a solid waste management company was formed in August 2008 under company Act 1956 with the support of Nidan. NSPL has taken up the task of making Patna garbage free. It has stated a cleanliness movement. The main objective of NSPL is zero waste management by ensuring that dry recycle waste and the organic waste is segregated at the source .i.e. at household level.
Safai Mitras are the backbone of this organization. NSPL try to improve the work condition of Safai Mitras by transforming them into professional service provider. Secondly, there prime aim is to help them to get dignity for their work and make them more connected with mainstream society. NSPL realize that it is important that people don’t look at them as waste picker but as service provider. With this aim NSPL has appointed waste pickers as board of directors and they are also partners in equity.
The members of Swachh Dhara not only benefit through its membership, which provides regular employment, but also from membership of SHGs and Sanchay from where they access multiple financial services. Nidan has other ongoing projects relating to health and education from which also benefits members.
In terms of numbers, the membership has grown from 6 to 387 in 4 years. The Safai Mitras are mostly from Musahir comminuty, which comes under Scheduled Caste. 121 out of the 387 are women members.
- Collection and segregation of garbage at source i.e. at household level
- Recycling of segregated waste i.e. glass, paper, plastic
- Check on land degradation and water contamination with safe and systematic disposal of waste.
- Human Empowerment –so that they can fight for their rights
- To work for working poor so that they can become self sufficient in social and economic context
- To create sensitization in society through seminars, training and workshop.
- To campaign against hunger, poverty, illiteracy, exploitation, gender discrimination, child labour and other such social issues.
- To act as an information network and distribute it effectively and suggest, and assist in matters relating development issues.
- To take up a task of making Patna garbage free and make it a green city and clean city
Our partnership with AIF
AIF is an independent nonprofit organization dedicated to socio economic development in India. With the active support of AIF, NSPL is running its waste management project in 11 different parts of Patna. NSPL is glad to be a part of AIF.
- To ensure livelihood and food security to waste pickers.
- To ensure right to dignity.
- To make them self sufficient in social and economic context.
- To cover them under social security schemes- health, disease, accidents
- Solid waste management and generating income from waste.
- To organize the working poor under one roof – NSPL
NSPL is working in different pockets of Patna-
1) Patna city, 2) Kankarbagh, 3) Rajendranagar, 4) Rajendra Path, 5) Kadam Kuan,
6) Exhibtion road,7) Patliputra, 8) Budha colony,9) Rajabazar, 10) Phulwari and
11) Boring road.
Plan of Action
- Approaching and organizing waste pickers
- Training and capacity building
- Selection and recruitment of Safai Mitra
- Approaching and organizing Richshaw pullers
- Entitlement of social security schemes and providing other facilities like – uniform, identity card.
- Formation of resident body.
- Agreeing with the norms
- Formation of units at ward level
- Mobilizing and channelizing municipal staff.
- Maintenance of MIS
- Setting up of composting plant
- Sales and marketing of compost.
- Survey of recyclable market
- Establishing MRF – Material Recovery Facility
- Selection and recruitment of staff
- Purchase of recycle products
- Sales and marketing of recycle products
Special Features of NSPL
- Collection of garbage from 18500 household and 200 institutions– hotels, offices etc.
- A team of 216 Safai Mitras and 48 organizes and ward in-charge.
- 7 pickup vans (Tata 207) for disposal of garbage.
- Two MRF (Material Recovery Facility) – Patna City and Kamla Nehru and two Vermin compost site– Patna City and Rajendra Nagar in Patna
- Proper uniform, whistle and identity card to each Safai Mitra and regulare training
- Helpline services for registering complains of the customer and re-addressal within 24 hrs.
Reflection of NSPL
We collect degradable waste around 500 kg at a time and produce around 250 kgs of vermin compost per week.
- Degradable Waste – Part of waste which is wet get used in vermin composting. Around 10-12 mt. waste are cycle through composting per day but requirement is high thus we are demanding for more open space were we can use all wet waste into compost.
- Non degradable Waste like paper, plastic are recycle 2-3 mt per day and substantial part are sold in recycle market through Kabadi market by Safai Mitras 6-8 mt per day.
- Training programme for Safai Mitras
NSPL has taken an initiative to improve the working condition of waste pickers and has achieved success in transforming its Safi Mitras into professional service provider. The first objective of NSPL is to help them get dignity for their work. In order to achieve this, it was necessary to make Safi Mitras professional in the work sphere. With this concept NSPL organized a training programme. The training comprises of session in sanitation, hygiene, livelihood, self discipline, outlook & presentation and communication with people. The training was given on how our Safai Mitras can collect and segregate the dry recyclables waste and organic waste at household level and other methods which NSPL follows.
- Drawing competition for children
One day drawing competition and lunch for children was organized by NSPL. Children (15 girls & 18 boys) of Safai Mitra have participated in this competition. They were asked to draw a picture of their school. Winners of this competition were given attractive prizes and consolation prizes were given to rest of the children. A nukkar natak (street play) based on environment issues were also organized on this occasion.
- Nagrik Sabha (Citizens’ Meet)
Nagrik meeting was organized under the banner of NSPL. All the ward members were present in programme. Ward member addressed the people and shared their views on cleanliness and sanitation.
- HIV/ AIDS awareness programme
NSPL organized HIV/AIDS awareness campaign more than 100 people attended this program. The main objective of this programme was to create awareness about AIDS.
- What does AIDS means?
- How one gets infected with HIV?
- How one can prevent from AIDS
It came into light that many Safai Mitras and other people don’t know about AIDS. Some of the NSPL staff expressed their views and share their knowledge on AIDS. They said that AIDS is now like pandemic. Millions of people lived with this disease and millions of people had been killed by this deadly disease.
- Organized 1150 rag pickers and sweepers at single platform – NSPL
- Formation of 102 self help group
- Saving habits have been nurtured among waste pickers and they also access to loan.
- Children are going to community based school run by Nidan.
- Their families are getting benefited from social security schemes like micro insurance covering health, accident, disaster.
- NSPL have become source of employment – Directly and indirectly NSPL help Safai Mitras in getting works. Many of the Safai Mtras are working in Patna Municipal Corporation (PMC) who for the first time got enlisted and trained by NSPL.
- Collection and segregation of garbage at source i.e. at household level
- Establishment of a recycle paper plant to reuse waste paper.
- Production of vermin compost from degradable waste- wet in nature.
- Lack of people’s participation – People does not see segregation of waste as their responsibility but of municipality or waste pickers. Many people argue that since we are paying municipal taxes so it is their duty to remove the garbage. Even NSPL find it a toughest challenge that is to convince them to mange household waste. The people have to realize that with their support in this work saves a lot of effort at the end of the day.
- Problem of alcoholism - Majority of the working poor are indulge in drinking habits which directly form a chain of problem for them.
- The waste pickers don’t realize that that their drinking habit has adverse socio-economic affect. Drinking affect their work performance - rate of absenteeism increases, risk of work accident and less productivity increases.
- Lack of saving habits among waste pickers- Most of Safai Mitras don’t have saving habits. Most of them spent their money on alcohol, gambling and related social evils.
- Due amount with Government (Fifty lakhs) – This really affects the work of NSPL. The flow of work has slow down. Due to this they have to terminate many of their Safai Mitras.
- Land issues – Government is not allotting land to NSPL. Due to which NSPL is facing problem in dumping and collection of garbage.
- Municipal inspectors are not cooperative. They often beat and harass Safai Mitras.
- Promotion to Self help groups.
- Awareness programme/ campaign on reproductive health and HIV and AIDS related issues.
- Emphasis on gender equality.
- Food and livelihood security to all working poor.
- Disposal up to 70% of the total garbage and rest 30% waste to go at municipal bins.
- Organizing the work of waste pickers for non degradable waste.
- Availability and provision of trucks / dumper and timing
- Arranging sales of compost through various retail outlets.
Angana is registered under Societies Registration Act, 1860, and is involved in marketing of products of artisans organized by Nidan under Co-operatives or by other NGOs or membership based organizations from different parts of India.
It is involved in upgrading the products made by artisans in order to make them marketable. Angana is presently able to maintain counter sale of Rs 40,000 per month .It has also built a client base of institutions for bulk supply benefiting 55 regular members along with host of other artisans whose product it markets on a regular basis. The total present annual turnover is around Rs 4,95,377 lakh.
ANGANA was registered in 2007 as the handlooms and handicrafts enterprise and outlet, to promote livelihood security among the rural underprivileged women of Bihar. The beginning was made way back in 2002, with the initiatives of leading developmental NGO of Bihar, Nidan, to usher socio-economic empowerment among the marginalized women through skill development and marketing linkages.
ANGANA has synergized the creative energy of the local artisans by providing linkage, quality and design up-gradation, marketing support & linkages and skill up-gradation. ANGANA has not only integrated the supply chain management but also led to sustained and efficient management of design, production and marketing of the rural products.
ANGANA has transformed the grassroots traditional arts and Crafts activity into a full-fledged enterprise. ANGANA is involved in providing a developmental platform to more than 5000 women artisans in the Handloom and the Handicraft Sector. NAGANA has over 300 artisans organized in SHGs and Co-operatives in 25 villages across 6 districts of Bihar.
ANGANA produces a wide range of products, it includes the handloom and handicrafts items will like Mahubani/ Mithila paintings, Applique, Sujani, embroidery, jute products, file folders and bags. Our valued customers includes sevral government agencies and NGOs including Unicef, Save the Children, Care, WDC. BRLP, DC (Handicrafts), Pathfinder and Bihar Education Project.
The products being made and marketed are as follows:
Jute products: like carpet, doormat, tablemat, bottle cover, wall hanging:
Dining table set, Decorative, Telephone mat, mobile cover etc.
Adding to products Anangan also prepares different kind of traditional (hand work) like
· Appliqué: bed cover cushion cover pillow cover, Sofa back, file folders
· Mithila painting: saree, top, dupatta, suit piece bed cover, file folder,
· Sujuni : saree cushion cover ,
· Sikki: baskets wall hanging
· Khatwa : wall hanging , folders
· Sindhi work: saree , suit piece dupattas,
· Lac bangles
· Thread Jewelry
· Products of recycled papers.
Making handicraft and handlooms popular is also a biggest challenge that is why we also design cloths of handlooms for kids and small children. Bending or fusion: designs are blended with traditional styles.
Sanchay Swabalambi Sahkari Samiti Ltd.
An all women thrift and credit co-operative known as Sanchay was registered in November 2001 to meet the gap. This co-operative has grown over the years and today it has 3100 share holders. The success of Sanchay T&C in Patna encouraged us to set up similar T&Cs in other districts. As a result, other T&Cs in the same name of Sanchay have been set up in Vaishali and Muzaffarpur and are in the process of being set up in Katihar and Samastipur. Thrift and Credit co-operatives are being promoted to help meet individual savings and credit needs of the members. These co-operatives are owned and controlled by members themselves. All named Sanchay Thrift and Credit co-operatives; three have been formed and registered while two are being formed.
More Nidan Supported Collectives
- Haryali Swablambi Saharkari Samiti (Vegetable Vendors Co-operative in Vaishali)
- Sangam Jute Swablambi Samiti (JuteWorkersCo-operativeinKatihar)
- Aahar Sahyog Samiti (Ricesellersco-operativeinKatihar)
- Sanchay (Thrifat ndCrediCt o-operativeastPatnaV, aishalMi, uzaffarpur)
- Niramaya Swab/ami Sahkari Samiti Ltd. (Co-operative of Health
- workersin Muzaffarpurdistrict)
- Kangan Swab/ami Sahkari Samiti (Lac bangle makers Co-operative)
- Wama Swablambi Sahkari Samiti Ltd. (AppliqueworkersCo-operative)
- Gharunda Housing Co-operative Ltd. (Housingfor Poor)